Men, women, and children of all ages can become victims of human trafficking, which occurs in every region of the world.
victims in Modern Slavery
victims in Forced Labour
victims in Forced Marriage
120,000 victims of trafficking for Forced Criminality in Myanmar
What is human trafficking?
Human Trafficking is defined by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime as:
"The Act of recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation."
What does this mean?
The crime of human trafficking consists of three core elements:
the act, the means, the purpose.
Physical and sexual abuse, blackmail, emotional manipulation, and the removal of official documents are used by traffickers to control their victims. Exploitation can take place in a victim's home country, during migration or in a foreign country. The perpetrators, known as traffickers, often use violence or fraudulent employment agencies and fake promises of education and job opportunities to trick and coerce their victims.
Reference: UNODC. (2023). Human Trafficking. https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/human-Trafficking/Human-Trafficking.html#:~:text=Human%20Trafficking%20is%20the%20recruitment,every%20region%20of%20the%20world.
Main types of Trafficking in Persons
Victims are forced to engage in illegal activities such as, Forced Scamming.
Victims bodies are exploited in a sexual manner for the benefit of others.
Victims are forced to work under the threat of destitution, detention or violence.
Victims are trapped in domestic work, abused and under paid if paid at all.
Victims (one or both parties) do not or cannot consent to the marriage.
How many people have been trafficked?
Given the hidden nature of human trafficking, it is almost impossible to understand the full scope and scale of the issue. While the true scale of human trafficking is an unknown, there are an estimated 40.3 million victims trapped in modern-day slavery. Of these, it's been estimated:
• 24.9 million are exploited for labour;
• 15.4 million are in forced marriage; and
• There are 5.4 victims of modern slavery for every 1,000 people in the world.
Human trafficking does not discriminate; it affect all genders and all ages. Women and girls make up 71% of trafficking victims around the world and 29% are men and boys. There are 30.2 million victims (75%) are aged 18 or older, with the number of children under the age of 18 estimated at 10.1 million (25%).